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Mediation / Melmilap process in Nepal


Mediation/Melmilap is a legal process that involves both parties reaching an agreement to permanently address a dispute, independent of the case’s stage in any court or non-judicial institution. Prime Legal’s CEO, Alpana Bhandari, is the mediator.

Although limited, the judicial history of dispute settlement is rooted in legal precedent. Even before the development of official courts, society leaders in communities would resolve disagreements through mutual agreements, and it is documented that certain court-pending problems were resolved judicially. mediation is a legal practice that settles a disagreement permanently.

In divorce proceedings, it should be sent for mandatory mediation/melmilap. Section 96 of the National Civil Code, (2017) The court states that once a divorce petition is filed, the parties must reconcile via mutual understanding. Mediation of a husband and wife who want to divorce.If they cannot come to an agreement, the divorce is scheduled.

In what circumstances can you use the Mediation/Melmilap process? 

There is no mediation/melmilap in criminal proceedings or when proof of corruption by government employees is presented. In all other situations, at whatever level, if the plaintiff and defendant agree on a common term and file a mediation application and agreement with the court, the matter is settled with signatures from both parties. If you are dissatisfied with the agreement, you cannot file an appeal unless the agreement was not implemented in accordance with its provisions.

Irreconcilable matters

Criminal proceedings in which the Nepal government is involved
Evidence supporting the corruption of a government employee Concerns about non-governmental property.

Writs petitions

Settlements surpassing the plaintiff’s claimsDisputes around public property Cases concerning products, unless the parties have agreed to a conciliation on the topics specified. This is analogous to judicial review and appeal situations.

Mediation/ cases

  • Aside from the aforementioned cases
  • Government-related cases.

Mediation/Melmilap to be void, together with its relevant precedents. Except for the case when it is not executed in accordance with the agreement, there is only a complaint provision in the National Civil Code 2017.

However, if the rights of a third party are violated and an agreement is established without adequate legal authority, the conciliation is rendered null and void.

Some existing legislation includes procedures for Mediation/Melmilap.

According to Section 96 of the Civil Code of 2017, husband and wife should reconcile. If both parties file for divorce, the court will approve it. To divorce, amicable mediation must be achieved. Mediation is possible between husband and wife, but if not, divorce is what occurs.

A conflict can be addressed through conciliation by: (1) the parties.
Any case pending in any level of court, such as jointly resolving a conflict through conciliation, can submit a petition in court.

The Mediation Act 2068 and Regulations 2070 aim to ensure easy access to justice for everybody.In our country, the mediation method is deemed to be of the greatest value. I also felt there was a need for a separate, powerful law to address this.

Following revisions to district and high court regulations in 2060, cases submitted before the courts were to be referred to mediation under the newly introduced legal provisions.

Mediation is becoming increasingly popular around the world, even in our own justice system.  Since its approval by the Constituent Assembly in 2068, it has been able to play an essential part in alternative dispute resolution due to the fact that it has begun to produce positive results.

Following the act’s approval on the 26th of Baishak 2068, Article 48 of the act was invoked to establish mediation regulation 2070.

As a special law for mediation. The appropriate rules and regulations have come into effect since May 1, 2071. Finally, the parties determine how the mediation procedure will proceed.

It is done voluntarily. Currently, this procedure of dispute resolution is the greatest choice available. Individuals, families, societies, political parties, and the national level all require mediation today.

If the procedure grows more robust and effective, many cases that currently sit before the court will be resolved through the mediation process.  This will allow the court to give justice promptly.


Mediation is done through waresnama without the need for an approval paper. NeKaPa 2031, p.203

Mediation agreements are void without an explanation of the outcome. NeKaPa 2037, Page 61.

Any unauthorised agreement will be invalid. NeKaPa 2049, Page 94

mi If a letter is written in the same ink but no date or days are written, the mediation/melmilap is void. NeKaPa 2021, Page 71

Written by

Alpana Bhandari

Alpana Bhandari is a founding partner and CEO of Prime Legal Consultants and Research Center. She graduated from American University Washington College of Law. She specializes in corporate/arbitration and family law.

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